- Every year, Citizens, senior officials, students & war veterans lay wreaths and remember the sacrifices of the soldiers who died in 1971
- NEI salutes the spirit of martyrs, have a look at the number of martyrs who lost life in the War
On December 16, 1971, 46 years ago, under the command of Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Arora, about 96,000 Pakistani soldiers, under Lt Gen A A K Niazi, laid down their weapons after the 12-day war, considered the shortest in history.
Every year, Citizens, senior officials, students & war veterans lay wreaths and remember the sacrifices of the soldiers who died in 1971. Member of Parliament Mr. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, who has continued to support the ex-servicemen and the armed forces and pursued One Rank One Pension, says, “Don’t let down our heroes, as we commemorate Vijay Diwas.
Image Source| 1971 Instrument of Surrender
When Pakistan launches a “hate India, crush India” campaign
On 25 November, President Yahya Khan told press correspondents that in ten days, he would be away fighting a war against India. In spite of these grave provocations, India treated them as local incidents and did not allow them to escalate into a major conflict.
Later, Pakistan Air Force strikes Indian Airbases
Finally, on the eve of 3 December, the Pakistan Air Force launched sudden strikes against several Indian air-fields and its army attacked across the western border and declared a state of war against India on the morning of 4 December. India had no alternative but to use her armed forces to meet this unprovoked aggression.
Pakistan surrender and aftermath of Bangladesh formation
During the 14-day war in eastern theatre, the Joint Indo-Bangladesh Command defeated the Pakistan Army which surrendered on 16 December.
The same evening the Prime Minister made a unilateral offer of a cease-fire in the Western theatre which was accepted by Pakistan on 17 December. This was in line with India’s purpose of deterring aggression and not making territorial gains in Pakistan.
In a historic speech at New Delhi on his way back to Bangladesh, the Sheikh declared that “the people of India are the best friends of my people” and spoke of the unbreakable bonds that had been forged between India and Bangladesh.
NEI salutes the spirit of martyrs, have a look at the number of martyrs who lost life in the War of Liberation of Bangladesh:
Indian Army- 1769,
Indian Air Force: 11,
Indian Navy: 204
Total number of martyrs: 1984
President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other prominent political figures also remembered the martyrs on Twitter today.
On Vijay Diwas, we remember with gratitude our Armed Forces who defended our nation and upheld universal values of human liberty in 1971. In particular, we pay tribute to those who lost their lives in that valiant effort #PresidentKovind
— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn) December 16, 2017
In Kargil after a three-month conflict in 1999, the 26th of July has been also celebrated as Vijay Diwas every year since then. That time some NE soldiers have lost their life. Capt Jintu Gogoi from Golaghat in Assam, Capt Clifford K Nongrum from Shillong in Meghalaya, Captain Neikezhakuo Kenguruse from Kohima in Nagaland, Lance Naik Kaleshore from Manipur, Sepoy Charles Nicholas Moyon from Manipur, Sepoy Beningvir Moyon from Manipur, Lance Naik Birneithang from Manipur, Sepoy Zomkho-lal Vaiphei from Manipur, Sepoy Kapani Asuli from Manipur and Sepoy Daikho Mao from Manipur.